Yixian Lotus is a delightful tall, white, single-petal lotus with flying/dancing form in soft shades of cream with a whisper of pink on the petal tips. Named for philosopher and physician, Sun Yat-Sen, often called the 'Father of the Nation'. The beautiful flowers are captivating on breezy days as the flowers sway with the breeze--handsome green foliage complements this lotus nicely.
Plant in wide, no-holes container (24 - 48 inches wide or wider) using loam soil. Dig a trench in the surface of the soil and gently place your lotus tuber in the trench, being careful not to break or damage the growth tips. Cover all but the growth tips with soil, leaving the growth tips exposed. Add 3 - 4 inches of water above the soil and place in a sunny location (8+ hours) outdoors. In a week or two you should have coin leaves growing on the surface of the water. In a week or two after that, you should have aerial leaves growing out of the water. Always replace any water that has evaporated from your lotus container--you can put a few more inches of water above the tuber, once your lotus is established.
Once you have aerial leaves, you may fertilize your lotus with 1/2 the recommended dosage. Simply press 3 - 5 fertilizer tabs near the roots of your lotus, taking care not to damage the roots. From this point on you may use 6 - 10 fertilizer tabs per month throughout the growing/blooming season, June through August, to keep your lotus growing and blooming.
What Is Loam Soil?
Loam soil is a good mixture of Topsoil and Sand
If you are lucky enough to have good topsoil in your backyard, by all means, use your topsoil. All you will have to do is add fertilizer. If you are not so lucky--and your backyard is sand or heavy red or yellow clay, you can mix up a batch of loam soil.
You can create your own loam soil by mixing these two ingredients together
- 2/3 Inorganic Topsoil (Little or no organic material added)
- 1/3 Pool Filter Sand
Mix together thoroughly with a little water. Your soil should clump when squeezed. If your soil is mixed properly, it will not muddy your pond water.
You can purchase inexpensive bags of inexpensive / poor Topsoil at Lowes or Home-Depot. Good soil clumps together as a ball in your hand with only a little moisture.
Don't buy brands like Scott's or Miracle-Gro, as they will contain too much organic matter that can foul your water. Buy an unbranded bag of topsoil instead.
You can purchase Pool Filter Sand at any store that sells pool supplies.
Loam soil is well suited for all aquatic plants (except oxygenators). Oxygenators rarely need to be planted, just anchored in the substrate or in a container filled with sand or 1/8 inch pea gravel.
Sand holds little water but does allow for aeration and drainage.
Some DO's and DON'TS regarding Aquatic Planting Soil
DO NOT use potting soils ( as they are too light and will float right out of the pot). Potting Soil has organic material that will rot and foul your water!
DO NOT add too much composted material (as it is too rich in organic matter and it will ferment underwater and destroy the ecology of your pond).
DO NOT use 100% calcined clay as there is no nutritional value in calcined clay.
DO NOT add rocks, stones or pebbles to the top of your planting container as this will inhibit the growth of your plants. Plants do not grow in rocks and stones in nature!
DO NOT purchase API Aquatic Planting Media or Microbe-lift Aquatic Planting Media as these products are NOT suitable for waterlilies, lotus or most other pond plants. They are suitable for submerged grasses ONLY!